How To Take Care of Your Face & Prevent Acne & Pimples


Up to 80% of people between 11 to 30 years of age experience acne outbreaks at some point in their lives. Acne is a natural occurrence, but if we don’t take care of our skin, the outbreak is bound to worsen and turn into more severe types of acne. Here is how to take care of your skin to prevent acne and pimples.

How do acne and pimples form?

Pimples usually develop from skin pores that are clogged with sebum, dirt, bacteria, or dead skin cells. These skin pores are the openings of hair follicles on the skin surface, and as sebum travels up the hair follicle, out of the pore and onto the skin, it provides natural lubrication and moisture to the skin and scalp. 

Hormonal fluctuations, such as an increase in androgen hormones during puberty, can cause an upsurge in sebum secretion. The excess accumulates over the skin, and combines with dead cells and dirt to form a plug (comedone) that later blocks the skin pores to form a pimple.

A bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) also may trigger acne formation, causing inflammation and worsening of acne to form nodules or cysts.

Types of acne

acne grade classification diagramDepending on severity, there are several different types of acne. The 3 most common types are:

  • Whiteheads — Small, under the skin.
  • Blackheads — Visible, black on the surface.
  • Cysts — Clearly visible, painful, contain pus, and can cause scarring.

In preventing or treating acne, there is no one-size-fits-all. Not all solutions are able to effectively reduce the appearance of whiteheads or cysts at the same time. Thus, it is important to seek proper medical help to address severe acne types, such as cysts or nodules.

How to take care of your skin & prevent acne

Acne prevention mainly involves regulating sebum production, keeping dirt away, cleansing of pores and controlling skin inflammation. Here is how you can take care of your skin to reduce the number of breakouts with specialized facial treatments.

Especially for acne-prone skin, acne facials are specially designed to cleanse your skin of all impurities and help to manage acne breakouts. Mild-grade acne restricted to blackheads and whiteheads with almost no inflammatory blemishes are recommended to be treated with a monthly acne facial treatment.

how to prevent adult acne

How do acne facials help?

Each step in an acne facial treatment is directed towards acne management, keeping your skin type and condition in mind. Some general techniques used in acne facials can include steaming, exfoliation, extraction and masking.

  • Steaming is used to soften pores and plugs in the skin, allowing for easier removal and unclogging. This makes the next step, exfoliation or extraction, a smooth-sailing process.

  • The skin is then gently exfoliated to remove the accumulation of dead skin cells sitting on the surface of the skin. This is usually done with a simple scrub, through microdermabrasion, chemical peels, or light therapy.

  • Extraction of comedones helps to release pore blockages by applying gentle pressure or a comedone extractor. This technique is particularly beneficial for those with clogged skin with many comedones like whiteheads or blackheads.

  • The acne facial is wrapped up with a soothing mask to calm any skin inflammation or reduce irritation on the skin. Depending on your skin’s unique needs, your therapist will recommend the right type of mask for you. Most masks have moisturizing effects, with others containing acne-fighting ingredients as well such as salicylic acid.

how acne facials help to prevent pimplesIf needed, your therapist or aesthetic doctor may also recommend a complementary treatment to aid in your skin’s healing process. Light or laser therapy may be included to help treat your acne, whilst reducing acne scars and pigmentation at the same time.

Best acne treatment facials in Singapore

It is best to seek only credible medical aesthetic spas for your acne facials. When it comes down to dermatological conditions, not all therapists are trained in the anatomy of the skin and improper cleansing or extraction techniques may aggravate your acne instead of relieving it.

At Illumia Therapeutics, all our therapists are well-trained and experienced in managing certain skin conditions, including acne and acne scars. Working closely with our medical counterpart Illumia Medical, we are equipped with the latest technology and advanced techniques to help you achieve your skin goals with ease.

Our best anti-acne facials are our HydraClear Facial, Lux LED Facial and Triple Gold Lifting® Facial treatments.

hydra clear facial demoUsing a step-by-step approach, the HydraClear Facial delivers the ultimate skin rejuvenation and helps to remove excess sebum from oily skin, a welcoming respite for those of us with overactive sebum glands.

led light therapy facial acneIllumia’s Lux LED Facial uses high-power LED to reduce sebum production in the skin, whilst perfecting the skin tone and complexion, accelerating skin repair and inducing acne healing.

ultrasound facial acneOne of our signature facials, our Triple Gold Lifting® Facial uses triple ultrasonic waves (just one-up above conventional dual-frequency ultrasound), which are clinically proven to break-down the skin enzymes responsible for acne, eczema, dermatitis and skin aging.

Other tips to keep breakouts at bay

A regular skincare routine can help to prevent recurrent acne breakouts. Using a gentle oil-free face wash can significantly reduce excess oil and dirt that build up during the day. These are the main factors that contribute to acne development.

On that note, excessive face-washing can cause skin dryness, stripping off the natural oils that your skin needs to remain hydrated. Your skin may overproduce sebum in response, which can lead to severe acne breakouts.

Other ways you can do to prevent recurrent breakouts on top of your monthly acne facials include moisturizing, applying topical acne treatments and avoiding makeup.

Moisturize daily

Maintaining skin hydration is an important step that can help to prevent pimples.

Even for oily skin types, moisturizers are an essential in our skincare routine. It keeps the skin hydrated and supple, whilst controlling sebum production and forming a protective layer to keep dirt off your face.

Over-the-counter acne products

Over-the-counter (OTC) acne products are effective in managing mild to moderate acne or hormonal (teen) breakouts. These products can include face washes, leave-on products, or even medicines containing one or more acne-healing agents.

The acne-healing agents to look for in OTC products include:

  • Benzoyl peroxide,
  • Beta hydroxy acid- Salicylic acid
  • Alpha hydroxy acid-Glycolic acid, Lactic Acid
  • Sulphur
  • Retinol

They work either by decreasing sebum production, removing excess oil on the skin surface, removing dead skin cells, increasing cell turnover, or killing acne-causing bacteria. This thus prevents acne build-up.

tips to prevent acne breakoutsUse make-up sparingly

Go natural as much as possible. Makeup can clog the skin pores and trigger outbreaks, especially when it is applied directly on our raw skin. If absolutely needed, use a buffer between your makeup and your skin, such as acne skin-friendly primer or moisturizer.

It is also crucial to wash makeup off before bed every night. Leaving your makeup on overnight can worsen acne and lead to more clusters which can be difficult to treat over time.


Spotless, blemish-free skin is within reach for anyone. If you are experiencing hormonal or occasional breakouts, try conventional acne treatments such as OTC products to control your acne. For the severe acne types, do not hesitate to seek medical help for your skin condition.

Speak with our skin experts to learn about the type of acne treatment that is best suited for your skin type.


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